In 2015, world leaders assented to the 17 SDGs as a follow up to the 8 MDGs in order to end poverty, enforce good health, create gender equity, have access to clean water and sanitation just to mention a few. These SDGs require all of our efforts with every person playing his or her role to contribute towards attainment of each of these goals by 2030.
In Uganda, 55 % of the entire population are people below 18 years of age and a typical household has an average number of 5 people with 55% of the households having children below 18 years. This youthful structure creates high dependency ratio at 97% and is a result of high fertility rate. Uganda has had a persistent population growth rate of 3.2% per annum resulting in rural urban migration rate of 4.5% and deforestation rate of 2.2% per annum, water shortages and sanitation challenges – 28% lack access to safe water and 18% do not have access to toilet facilities, these causes a myriad of health and environment sustainability challenges thus a need to improve on social services, environment protection and climate change mitigation measures.